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Episode 81: Satyajit Ray’s Pratidwandi & K Balachander’s Varumayin Niram Sivappu

Satyajit Ray’s Pratidwandi starring Dhritiman Chatterjee, the first of his Calcutta Trilogy, released in October 1970. K Balachander’s Varumayin Niram Sivappu released almost exactly ten years later, in November 1980, and starred Kamal Haasan and Sridevi. The two films bookend an important decade in Indian history. Pratidwandi came at the height of the Naxalite movement in West Bengal and Varumayin Niram Sivappu was made in the immediate aftermath of Emergency and the Lok Sabha elections of 1980. A tumultuous decade for India, Congress and Indira Gandhi, possibly casting a long shadow in the political landscape of today.

Deepauk and Aditya are joined in this episode by Sohini Chattopadhyay, an award winning independent journalist from Kolkata with bylines in New York Times, Al Jazeera, Mint, The Hindu and SCMP among others.

Listen on.

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Some of Sohini’s work in the context of topics discussed in the podcast:

Why Don’t These Girls Work? Women and work in recent Hindi film

Work and recent Hind film

Housework and women in Bengali film and Hindi film:

Looking at Work in Panga and Chhapaak:


  1. We would love to publish an article based on this episode, in the upcoming issue of our magazine, The World of Apu. Do let us know what the best way to reach out to you is, if you’re interested. 🙂

    • tlc_admin tlc_admin

      Hi Anusha – We would love to be featured! Sorry for the delay in response, you can reach us at!

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